The treatment of urban wastewaters by membrane methods

1Seminska, OO, 1Kucheruk, DD, 1Balakina, MM, 1Goncharuk, VV
1A. V. Dumansky Institute of Colloid and Water Chemistry of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr. 2016, 11:112-116
Section: Ecology
Language: Ukrainian

The efficiency of the preconditioning of Kyiv's wastewater for its further purifying by reverse osmosis plants with filtration through a sand filter with the 1—2 mm faction loading followed by the microfiltration on a ceramic microfilter with clay minerals is investigated. It is established that the combination of chosen water pretreatment methods contributes to the efficient stable operation of the reverse osmosis membrane, providing a reduction of the source water turbidity by 99.9 %, phosphate content in it by 98.8 %, and total organic carbon by 94.8...99.9 % at constant values of its specific productivity to the permeate selection ratio of 80 %.

Keywords: ceramic microfilter, phosphates, reverse osmosis, turbidity, wastewater treatment
  1. Pervov A.G. Modern high-technology of drinking and process water treatment using membranes: reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration. Moscow: Publ. house of building universities association, 2009 (in Russian).
  2. Cherkasov S.V. Reverse osmosis. Theory, practice, recommendations. Plumbing. Heating. Conditioning, 2005, No 11: 18—24 (in Russian).
  3. Svitzov A.A. Introducion in membrane technology, Moscow, DeLeeprint, 2007 (in Russian).
  4. Goncharuk V.V., Kucheruk D.D., Balakina M.N., Dul'neva T.Yu. Water Chem. and Technology. 2009, 31, No 6: 396—404. doi:
  5. State Standart 3351-74 Drinking water. Methods of determination the taste, odor, color and turbidity. — Approved by the Resolution of the State Committee of the USSR, the Council of Ministers of standards from May 24, 1974, No 1309 (in Russian).
  6. Babko A.K., Pilipenko A.T. Methods of non-metals determination. Moscow: Chemistry, 1974 (in Russian).
  7. Water treatment: A Guide, Ed. Belikova S.E. Moscow: Aqua-Therm, 2007 (in Russian).
  8. Henze M., Armoes P., Jes la Cour Jansen, Arvan E. Wastewater treatment, Moscow: Mir, 2006 (in Russian).
  9. Andrusishina I. Water and water purification technologies. 2012, No 5: 4—9 (in Russian).
  10. Seminska O.O., Kucheruk D.D., Balakina M.M., Goncharuk V.V. Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2015, 7: 150—156 (in Ukrainian). doi:
  11. Seminskaya O.O., Balakina M.N., Kucheruk D.D., Goncharuk V.V. Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology, 2016, 38, No 1: 39—45. doi: