The structural temperature of water and the formation of marine aerosols (physico-chemical analysis)

1Kushnir, SV
1Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of the NAS of Ukraine, Lviv
Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr. 2018, 5:53-59
Section: Geosciences
Language: Ukrainian

The analysis of physico-chemical processes that lead to the formation of marine aerosols is performed. On the basis of new data, the scheme of 4-stage changes in the molecular structure of water at the heating is substantiated. For cold water, the cluster-polymer structure is given in detail. It is shown that the interface boundary with air has a much higher structural temperature, which takes its water from state I to state II, which is characteristic of bulk water at 100—220 °C. It is shown that, at the barbotage of passive gases through solutions of salts in water I, the structural temperature of the solution substantially increases, which leads to a decrease of the solubility of gases and an increases of the chemical activity of water and dissolved oxygen. A new model of formation of a charged acidic aerosol of negatively charged air bubbles is proposed.

Keywords: aerosols, bubbling to activate water, structural temperature, the interface gas/water, water structure
  1. Horn, R. (1972). Marine chemistry (structure of water and chemistry of hydrosphere). Moscow: Mir (in Russian).
  2. Antonchenko, V. Ya., Davydov, A. S. & Il′in, V. V. (1991). Foundations of the physics of water. Kiev: Naukova dumka (in Russian).
  3. Chaplin, M. (2009). Theory VS experiment: what is the surface charge of water? Water, No. 1, pp. 1-28.
  4. Kusnhir, S. (2012). Structure and properties of clear water under different thermobaric conditions (physical-chemical analysis). Mineralog. zb., No. 62, Iss. 2, rr. 236-245 (in Ukrainian).
  5. Kusnhir, S. V. (2015). Reasons for the bubbling chemical effect and differentiation of ions in the formation of marine aerosols (physico-chemical analysis). Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr., No. 7, pp. 91-98 (in Ukrainian). doi:
  6. Luck, W. (1965). Zur assoziation des wassers II. Salzeffekte auf die ultrarotbanden des wassers. Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 69, No. 1, pp. 69-76.
  7. Bandura, A. V. & Lvov, S. N. (2006). The ionization constant of water over wide ranges of temperature and density. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data., 35, No. 1, pp. 15-30.
  8. Neela, Y. I., Mahadevi, A. S. & Sastry, G. N. (2010). Hydrogen bonding in water clusters and their ionized counterparts. J. Phys. Chem. B., 114, pp. 17162-17171.
  9. Vácha, R., Buch, V., Milet, A., Devlin, J.P. & Jungwirth, P. (2007). Autoionization at the surface of neat water: Is the top layer pH neutral, basic, or acidic? Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 9, No. 4, pp. 4736-4747.