Analysis of Earth's surface deformation according to the Global Navigation Satellite Systems data including the newest movements of the territory of Ukraine

1Orlyuk, MI
Ishchenko, MV
1S. I. Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr. 2019, 8:59-68
https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2019.08.059
Section: Geosciences
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 

The article considers the modern deformation of Earth’s surface according to the results of the GNSS data analysis center of the MAO NAS of Ukraine in comparison with the latest lineament zones and faults, as well as, the Late Pliocene-Quaternary vertical movements of Earth’s crust. The areas of prevailing values of the compressiontension and the leftright rotation of Earth’s surface, the boundaries between which can be drawn in accordance with the latest lineament zones and faults, are identified. The areas of the prevailing stretching of Earth’s surface correspond to the zones of newest tectonic uplifts and the maximum amplitudes of the Pliocene-Quaternary movements and to the areas of the prevailing compression to the tectonic descents and minimum amplitudes. Four large modern geoblocks have been identified: the North-West and the North-East, which rotate clockwise, and the South-West and the South-East — counterclockwise. A qualitative mechanism for interconnecting the modern and newest movements of Earth’s crust is proposed.

Keywords: geoblocks, GNSS data, lineaments, modern and newest movements of Earth’s crust, Ukraine
References: 

1. Khoda, O. O. (2019). Estimation of coordinates of the Eastern European permanent GNSS stations in the IGb08 Reference Frame for GPS weeks 1709—1933. Kinemat. Phys. Celest. Bodies, 35, No. 1, pp. 46-53. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/S0884591319010045
2. Dach, R., Lutz, S., Walser, P. & Fridez, P. (2015). Bernese GNSS Software Version 5.2, Astronomical Institute, University of Berne.
3. Ishchenko, M. (2018). Investigation of deformation of the earth crust on the territory of Ukraine using a GNSS observation. Artificial Satellites, 53, No. 3, pp. 117-126. doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/arsa-2018-0009
4. Verkhovtsev, V. H. (2008). The recent platform geostructures of Ukraine and dynamics of their development. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis). Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
5. Ishchenko, M. V. & Orlyuk, M. I. (2018). The Earth’s surface deformation according to the GNSS network in connection with the quasigoid UKG2012 and the latest movements. Proceedings of the 6th AllUkrainian conference “GEOUA 2018”. Aerospace observations for sustainable development and security (pp. 101—104). Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
6. Goudarzi, M., Cocard, M. & Santerre, R. (2015). GeoStrain: An open source for calculating crustal strain rates. Comput. Geosci., 82, pp. 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2015.05.007
7. Orlyuk, M. I., Marchenko, A. V. & Romenets, A. A. (2017). Geomagnetic field and seismicity spatialtemporal changes. Geophys. J., 39, No. 6, pp. 84-105 (in Russian). doi: https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v39i6.2017.116371
8. Kutas, R. I., Orlyuk, M. I., Pashkevich, I. K., Burakhovich, T. K., Makarenko, I. B. & Buhaenko, I. V. (2018). Deep structure of the Ukraine territory according to modern geophysical data. General information. In Starostenko, V. I. & Gintov, O. B. (Eds.). Essays on Geodynamics of Ukraine (pp. 17-24). Kyiv: V N A Enterprise LLC (in Russian).
9. Geiko, V. S., Tsvetkova, T. A., Sannikova, N. G., Livanova, L. P. & Geiko, K.V. (1998). Regional 3D Pvelocity structure of the northwestern Eurasia mantle. Geophys. J., 2., No. 3, pp. 67-91 (in Russian).
10. Tsvetkova, T. A., Bugaenko, I. V. & Zaets, L. N. (2016). The mantle speed divisibility under Ukrainian shield. Geophys. J., 38, No. 4, pp. 75-87 (in Russian). doi: https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v38i4.2016.107802
11. Gunin, V. I. (2018). Vortex hydrodynamics: a new approach to modeling geosystems. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Mathematika. Mechanika. Informatika, Iss. 1, pp. 5-18 (in Russian).
12. Yentin, V. A., Guskov, S. I., Orlyuk, M. I., Gintov, O. B. & Os’mak, R. V. (2015). The absolute gravity field values map of Ukraine and some aspects of its possible interpretation. Geophys. J., 37, No. 1, pp. 53-61 (in Russian). doi: https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v37i1.2015.111323
13. Starostenko, V. I., Kuprienko, P. Ya., Makarenko, I. B., Legostaeva, O. V., Savchenko, A. S. (2012). Density inhomogeneity of the earth’s crust along the latitudinal fault zones of the Ukrainian shield and the DnieperDonetsk cavity. Geophys. J., 34, No. 6, pp. 113-132 (in Russian).
14. Marchenko, O. M., Kucher, O. V. & Marchenko, D. O. (2013). Clarification of quasiogeoid UGG2012 results for the territory of Ukraine. Visnyk heodezii ta kartografii, No. 3, pp. 3-10 (in Ukrainian).