Features of deep structure of the Uzon volcano caldera in Kamchatka and the explosive funnel in Yamal

1Yakymchuk, MA
Korchagin, IM
1Earth Sciences Management and Marketing Center at the Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr. 2020, 12:38-47
https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2020.12.038
Section: Geosciences
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 

The results of a reconnaissance survey of local zones within the oil site of the Uzon volcano, Bogachevskoye oil field, and site of the explosive crater in Yamal are presented. Experimental studies using the direct-prospecting technology of a frequency-resonance processing and interpretation of satellite images and photographs are carried out to study the features of the deep structures of the survey areas. The results of instrumental measurements indicate that all survey sites are located above volcanoes of sedimentary rocks, within which the synthesis of oil, condensate and gas is almost always carried out at the 57 km border. In the contours of HC-generating volcanoes, there are deep channels through which oil, condensate, and gas migrate to the upper horizons of the cross-section and can replenish the already formed deposits in HC fields. In the absence of reliable seals over such channels, oil, condensate, and gas can migrate to the surface, and gas further enters the atmosphere. Measurements within a relatively large area around the Uzon volcano confirmed the presence of all previously identified types of volcanoes. These are volcanoes filled with: 1) salt; 2) sedimentary rocks of 1-6 groups; 3) limestones; 4) dolomites; 5) marls; 6) siliceous rocks; 7) granites; 8) basalts; 9) ultramafic rocks; 10) kimberlites. Additional evidence obtained by instrumental measurements in favor of the deep (abiogenic) genesis of oil, condensate, and gas is of fundamental importance. Numerous facts of fixing the signals from oil, condensate, and gas at the boundary of their synthesis 57 km within the survey areas and in other regions of the world allow us to state that abiogenic methane is migrating into Earth’s atmosphere in colossal volumes! Local zones of the gas migration into the atmosphere can serve as indicators of the activity of volcanoes in which hydrocarbons are synthesized. In these cases, drilling wells in the areas of the location of deep channels for the migration of abiogenic hydrocarbons to the upper horizons of the cross-section may be associated with great risks — with emergency situations during the drilling.

Keywords: abiogenic genesis, amber, deep structure, direct-prospecting, explosive funnel, field, gas, hydrogen, Kamchatka, migration, oil, photo-image, remote sensing data processing, sedimentary rocks, Uzon volcano, Yamal
References: 

1. Yakymchuk, N. A., Korchagin, I. N., Bakhmutov, V. G. & Solovjev, V. D. (2019). Geophysical investigation in the Ukrainian marine Antarctic expedition of 2018: mobile measuring equipment, innovative direct-prospecting methods, new results. Geoinformatika, No.1, pp. 5-27 (in Russian).
2. Yakymchuk, N. A. & Korchagin, I. N. (2020). New evidence in favor of the abiogenic genesis of hydrocarbons from the results of the testing of direct-prospecting methods in various regions of the world. Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr., No. 9, pp. 53-60 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2020.09.053
3. Yakymchuk, N. A. & Korchagin, I. N. (2020). Hydrocarbons in the Gulf of Mexico: their genesis and extents of migration to the surface and to the atmosphere. Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr., No. 11, pp. 51-60 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2020.11.051
4. Yakymchuk, N. A. & Korchagin, I. N. (2019). Technology of frequency-resonance processing of remote sensing data: results of practical approbation during mineral searching in various regions of the globe. Part I. Geoinformatika, No. 3, pp. 29-51 (in Russian)
5. Yakymchuk, N. A. & Korchagin, I. N. (2019). Technology of frequency-resonance processing of remote sensing data: results of practical approbation during mineral searching in various regions of the globe. Part II. Geoinformatika, No. 4, pp. 30-58 (in Russian).
6. Yakymchuk, N. A. & Korchagin, I. N. (2020). Technology of frequency-resonance processing of remote sensing data: results of practical approbation during mineral searching in various regions of the globe. Part III. Geoinformatika, No. 1, pp. 19-41 (in Russian).
7. Galimov, E. M., Sevastyanov, V. S., Karpov, G. A., Kamaleeva, A. I., Kuznetsova, O. V., Konopleva, I. V. & Vlasova, L. N. (2015). Hydrocarbons from the volcanic region. Oil shows in the caldera of the Uzon volcano in Kamchatka. Geohimia, No. 12, pp. 1059-1068 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.7868/S0016752515120043
8. Dobretsov, N. L., Lazareva, E. V., Zhmodik, S. M., Bryanskaya, A. V., Morozova, V. V., Tikunova, N. V., Peltek, S. E., Karpov, G. A., Taran, O. P., Ogorodnikova, O. L., Kirichenko, I. S., Rozanov, A. S., Babkin, I. V., Shuvaeva, O. V. & Chebykin, E. P. (2015). Geological, hydrogeochemical, and microbiological characteristics of the “oil site” of the Uzon caldera (Kamchatka). Geology and Geophysics, 56, No. 1-2, pp. 56-88 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.15372/GiG20150103
9. Sevastyanov, V. S., Karpov, G. A., Bychkov, A. Yu., Kuznetsova, O. V. & Fedulov, V. S. (2019). Influence of hydrous pyrolysis on distribution of carbon and hydrogen isotopes by organic matter fractions. The nature of oil generation in the calder of Uzone volcano in Kamchatka. Geohimia, 64, No. 3, pp. 227-236 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.31857/S0016-7525643227-236
10. Gorbach, A. A. & Gorbach, V. A. (2017). Revisiting oil of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve. Vestnik DVO RAN, No. 4. pp. 16-28 (in Russian).
11. Experts began to assess the environmental situation at the Bogachevskoye oil and gas show in Kamchatka. Kamchatka-Inform (in Russian). Retrieved from https://kamchatinfo.com/news/ecology/detail/11307/
12. A hole in hell: a giant funnel from an underground gas explosion was discovered in Siberia. Focus (in Russian). Retrieved from https://focus.ua/technologies/462375-dyra_v_ad_v_sibiri_obnaruzhili_giga...
13. Polevanov, V. P. (2020). The only way of Russia can find large deposits of conventional oil to go on the search based on the abiogenic theory of its formation. Burenie i neft, No. 1, pp. 26-31 (in Russian).
14. Polevanov, V. P. & Glazyev, S. Yu. (2020). Searches for natural hydrogen deposits in Russia as a basis for integration into a new technological order. Nedropolzovanie XXI vek, No. 4, pp. 10-23 (in Russian).
15. Syvorotkin, V. L. (2015). Twenty-five years of the hydrogen theory of ozone depletion, or an Alternative to the Montreal protocol. Space and Time, No. 3, pp. 345-357 (in Russian).