Features of deep structure of the Uzon volcano caldera in Kamchatka and the explosive funnel in Yamal

1Yakymchuk, MA
Korchagin, IM
1Earth Sciences Management and Marketing Center at the Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr. 2020, 12:38-47
Section: Geosciences
Language: Ukrainian

The results of a reconnaissance survey of local zones within the oil site of the Uzon volcano, Bogachevskoye oil field, and site of the explosive crater in Yamal are presented. Experimental studies using the direct-prospecting technology of a frequency-resonance processing and interpretation of satellite images and photographs are carried out to study the features of the deep structures of the survey areas. The results of instrumental measurements indicate that all survey sites are located above volcanoes of sedimentary rocks, within which the synthesis of oil, condensate and gas is almost always carried out at the 57 km border. In the contours of HC-generating volcanoes, there are deep channels through which oil, condensate, and gas migrate to the upper horizons of the cross-section and can replenish the already formed deposits in HC fields. In the absence of reliable seals over such channels, oil, condensate, and gas can migrate to the surface, and gas further enters the atmosphere. Measurements within a relatively large area around the Uzon volcano confirmed the presence of all previously identified types of volcanoes. These are volcanoes filled with: 1) salt; 2) sedimentary rocks of 1-6 groups; 3) limestones; 4) dolomites; 5) marls; 6) siliceous rocks; 7) granites; 8) basalts; 9) ultramafic rocks; 10) kimberlites. Additional evidence obtained by instrumental measurements in favor of the deep (abiogenic) genesis of oil, condensate, and gas is of fundamental importance. Numerous facts of fixing the signals from oil, condensate, and gas at the boundary of their synthesis 57 km within the survey areas and in other regions of the world allow us to state that abiogenic methane is migrating into Earth’s atmosphere in colossal volumes! Local zones of the gas migration into the atmosphere can serve as indicators of the activity of volcanoes in which hydrocarbons are synthesized. In these cases, drilling wells in the areas of the location of deep channels for the migration of abiogenic hydrocarbons to the upper horizons of the cross-section may be associated with great risks — with emergency situations during the drilling.

Keywords: abiogenic genesis, amber, deep structure, direct-prospecting, explosive funnel, field, gas, hydrogen, Kamchatka, migration, oil, photo-image, remote sensing data processing, sedimentary rocks, Uzon volcano, Yamal

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