Elastic symmetry and parameters of the azimuthal anisotropy of seismic waves in sedimentary strata based on vertical seismic profiling data

TitleElastic symmetry and parameters of the azimuthal anisotropy of seismic waves in sedimentary strata based on vertical seismic profiling data
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsProdayvoda, GT, Kuzmenko, PM, Vyzhva, AS
Abbreviated Key TitleDopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr.
Date Published11/2014

The symmetry and the complete component set of a tensor matrix of elastic constants and elastic compliances are first determined by the inversion of radial velocity indicatrices for quasilongitudinal, "quick", and "slow" quasitransverse waves that are obtained according to the VSP method in the standard acoustic coordinate system. It is established that the elastic constants of clay strata have planar triclinic symmetry, and carbonate strata have axial rhombic symmetry. The value of elastic anisotropy integral coefficient is nearly 22%. The longitudinal axes and the acoustic normals of sedimentary strata are first determined according to field seismic surveys. The estimation of the approximation errors of the elastic symmetry for sedimentary strata by models with transversely isotropic and orthorhombic symmetries are calculated. It is proved that such approximation significantly changes the nature of the seismic wave azimuthal anisotropy and causes high errors, which can significantly reduce the 3D seismic efficiency in the oil and gas exploration under complex geological conditions.

Keywordsazimuthal anisotropy, seismic profiling, symmetry

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