Improvement of the structure and mechanical characteristics of structural intermetallides of the titanium-aluminium system at the directional solidification

TitleImprovement of the structure and mechanical characteristics of structural intermetallides of the titanium-aluminium system at the directional solidification
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLobanov, LM, Asnis, EA, Piskun, NV, Statkevich, II
Abbreviated Key TitleDopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr.
SectionMaterials Science
Date Published12/2018

The paper presents the results of investigation of the processes of structure formation and the mechanical properties at the directional solidification of a β-stabilized intermetallic alloy of the titanium-aluminium systems. It is shown that the use of the directional solidification at a crucibleless induction zone melting produces a specific microstructure of alloy Ti-44Al-5Nb-3Cr-1.5Zr (at. %). It is established that the thermal gradient and the rate of solidification in the directional crystallization are the basic thermodynamic tools that make it possible to form an ordered microstructure. Investigations showed that, at the speed of 150 mm/h, the temperature gradient reaches 300 C · cm–1. This leads to the ordering and orientation of the secondary phase microstructure of the material and to the improvement of its physico-mechanical properties. Regulation of the microstructure allows an essential improvement of the high-temperature mechanical properties, namely ultimate strength, Young's modulus, and creep resistance. The results showed that the temperature limit of the structural applicability of alloys of this type can be expanded from 750-800 °C up to 900-950 °C.

Keywordsdirectional solidification, intermetallide, mechanical characteristics, structure, zone melting
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