|Title||Transformation of minerals of a gellike sludge solid after the municipal waste water biological treatment under the bioextraction of heavy metals|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Kalinichenko, KV, Nicovskaya, GN, Kosorukov, PA|
|Abbreviated Key Title||Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr.|
In an original process of bioextraction of the excess of heavy metals from a gellike sludge solid after the municipal waste water biological treatment, the redistribution between the liquid and solid phases has occurred. The last one transforms into an efficient fertilizer for plants. The states of minerals in raw and conditioned sludge solids and in natural comparative objects (soils) are studied by Xray diffraction methods. The diffractograms show a low crystallinity in the structure of sludge solids in comparison with soils. The elimination of the reflexes of minerals of the group of feldspars and calcite and the appearance of minor peaks of minerals of zeolites on the diffractogram of a conditioned sludge solid as distinguished from the native sludge solid have pointed out the start of the processes of formation of new minerals under the action of metabolizing sludge microorganisms.
|Keywords||fertilizers, mineralogical composition, sludge sediments, soil, Xray diffraction analysis|
1. Vesilind, P. A. & Spinosa, L. (2001). Sludge production and characterization. Production and regulations. In Sludge into biosolids. Processing, disposal and utilization (pp. 3-18). London: IWA Publishing.
2. MchedlovPetrosyan, M. O., Lebid, V. I., Glazkova, O. M. & Lebid, O. V. (2010). Colloidal chemistry. Kharkiv: KNU im. V.N. Karazina (in Ukrainian).
3. Sharma, B., Sarkar, A., Singh, P. & Singh, R. P. (2017). Agricultural utilization of biosolids: A review on potential effects on soil and plant grown. Waste Manag., 64, No. 6, pp. 117-132. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.03.002
4. Berbecea, A., Radulov, I. & Sala, F. (2008). Agricultural use of sewage sludge pros and cons. Res. J. Agricult., 40, No. 2, pp. 15-20.
5. Pat. 109715 UA, IPC A01G 31/000, Ñ05Ï 3/00, C05F 7/00, C02F 11/14, Method of conversion of sludge waste biological purification of municipal wastewater into fertilizers, Nikovska, G.N., Ulberg, Z.R., Kalinichenko, K.V., Kernosenko, L.A., Samchenko, Yu.M., Publ. 25.09.2015 (in Ukrainian).
6. Kalinichenko, K. V., Nikovskaya, G. N. & Ulberg, Z. R. (2015). Biomineralnye udobrenia na osnove ilov municipalnyh stochnyh vod. LAMBERT Academic Publishing (in Russian).
7. Kalinichenko, K. V., Nikovskaya, G. M., Samchenko, Yu. M. & Ulberg, Z. R. (2016). Gel nanocomposites with immobilized bioelements for plant nutrition. In Fesenko, O. & Yatsenko, L. (Eds.). Nanophysics, Nano photonics, Surface Studies and Applictions (pp. 439-449). Basel: Springer. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30737-4_37
8. Nikovskaya, G. N., Kalinichenko, K. V. & Boyko, Yu. P. (2013). The change in activated sludge surface properties after heavy metals leaching. J. Water Chem. Tech., 35, No. 4, pp. 177-182. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063455X13040061
9. Gadd, G. M. (2010). Metals, minerals and microbes: geomicrobiology and bioremediation. Microbiology, 156, No. 10, pp. 609-643. doi: https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.0371430
10. DSTU 7369 : 2013. Sewage. Requirements for sewage and their sediments for irrigation and fertilization. Kiev, 2014 (in Ukrainian).
11. (1979). Powder diffraction file: Inorganic materials. Alphabetical index (chemical and mineral name). JCPDS. International Centre for Diffraction Data.
12. Aleskovskii, V.B. (1978). Solid chemistry. Moscow: Vysshaya shcola (in Russian).
13. Auerbach, M., Carrado, K. A. & Dutta, P. K. (Eds.). (2003). Handbook of zeolite science and technology scott. New York: CRC Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203911167