Geographical parthenogenesis of earthworms (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) species communities in the situation of open landscapes in Ukraine
Keywords:Lumbricidae, geographical parthenogenesis, open landscapes
The earthworms communities of the open landscapes of Ukraine confirm the geographic heterogeneity associated with the species-specific peculiarities of the reproduction of the constituent species. In the northwestern regions of Ukraine predominating species are amphimictic, otherwise in the eastern and southern regions the parthenogenetic species are dominating. The alternative character of the distribution of parthenogenetic and amphimictic species in the direction from northwest to southeast is confirmed by correlation analysis. It was revealed a negative dependence between the species richness of the community at the regional level and the representation of parthenogenetic earthworms in it. The predominance of parthenogenetic species in areas with dry and continental climates and depleted species composition gives the reason to consider the application of the concept of geographic parthenogenesis to the distribution of patterns of amphimictic and parthenogenetic earthworms species. Besides, there is no reason to consider parthenogenetic lumbricids are extremophiles; in this situation, it would be more accurate to classify them as highly tolerant organisms.
Jaenike, J. & Selander R.K. (1979). Evolution and ecology of parthenogenesis in earthworms. Amer. Zool., 19, No. 3. pp. 729-737.
Viktorov, A.G. (1993). Polyploid race variety in the earthworms family Lumbricidae. Uspekhi sovremennoĭ biologii, 113, No. 3, pp. 304-312 (in Russian).
Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S. (1997). The earthworms in the fauna of Russia. Cadastre and the key. Moskow: Nauka (in Russian).
Mezhzherin, S.V., Garbar, O.V., Vlasenko, R.P., Оnishchuk, I.P., Коtsyuba, I.Y. & Zhalay, O.I. (2018). Evolutionary paradox of parthenogenetic earthworms. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).
Muldal, S. (1952). The chromosomes of the earthworms: I. The evolution of polyploidy. Heredity, 6, No. 1, pp. 56-76. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1952.4
Vandel, A. (1928). Geographical parthenogenesis. Contribution to the biological and cytological study of natural parthenogenesis. Biol. Bull. France Belg., 62, pp. 164-181 (in France).
Cuellar, O. (1994). Biogeography of parthenogenetic animals. Biogeographica, 70, No. 1, pp. 1-13.
Peck, J.R., Yearsley, J.M. & Waxman, D. (1998). Explaining the geographic distributions of sexual and asexual populations. Nature, 391, pp. 889-892. https://doi.org/10.1038/36099
Suomalainen, E., Saura A. & Lokki J. (1987). Cytology and evolution in parthenogenesis. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Perel, T.S. (1982). Specific geographic features in reproduction of earthworms of the family Lum bricidae (Oligochaeta). Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii, 43, No. 5, pp. 649-658 (in Russian).
Buslenko, L.V. & Shchepna, L.V. (2011). Earthworms (Lumbricidae) of agrobiocenoses of Volyn Polissya. Pryroda Zakhidnoho Polissia ta prylehlykh terytorii, No. 8, p. 134-137 (in Ukrainian).
Buslenсo, L. & Schepna, L. (2015).The structure in complex of earthworms Lumbricidae of gray forest soils of Volyn Highland. Naukovyi Visnyk Skhidnoievropeiskoho Universytetu imeni Lesi Ukrainky, No. 2, pp. 82-87 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.29038/2617-4723-2015-302-82-87
Ivantciv, V., Buslenko, L. & Sydorchuk, P. (2015). The rainworm complexes in agrobiocenoses of Kremenets Ridge. Naukovyi Visnyk Skhidnoievropeiskoho Universytetu imeni Lesi Ukrainky, Biolohichni Nauky, No. 2, pp. 56-61 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.29038/2617-4723-2015-302-56-60
Ivantciv, V.V., Buslenko, L.V. & Sydorchuk, P.S. (2016). Earthworms (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) of hydromorphic soils of the Kremenets Mountains and Voroniaky. Naukovi Zapysky Ternopilskoho Natsi onalnoho Pedahohichnoho Universytetu imeni Volodymyra Hnatiuka. Ser. Biolohiia, No. 1, pp. 73-80 (in Ukrainian).
Zhukov, O.V., Pakhomov, O.Ye. & Kunakh, O.M. (2007). Biological diversity of Ukraine. Dnipropetrovsk region. Earthworms (Lumbricidae). Dnipropetrovsk: Vyd-vo DNU (in Ukrainian).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.