Obtaining and crystal structure of graphite intercaled by nickel


  • О.І. Nakonechna Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • N.N. Belyavina Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • A.M. Kurylyuk Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • V.A. Makara Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv




intercalated graphite, crystal structure, electron beam, mechanical alloying, X-ray powder diffraction


The intercalated graphite-like material C98Ni is obtained by the thermal decomposition of cubic NiC monocarbide, which was previously synthesized by a mechanical alloying of the Ni–CNT or Ni–graphite charge with subsequent compaction of the synthesis product by cold pressing. It is shown that the NiC material ob- tained under the action of an electron beam gradually exfoliates into two separate phases with the formation of carbon-depleted NiCx carbide and a graphite-like phase. According to X-ray diffraction studies, the crystal struc- ture of this graphite-like phase of C98Ni composition can be described within the space group P-3m1 (No. 164) (a = 0.2464 (1) nm, c = 0.6768 (2) nm) with partial filling of Ni atoms of one of the two possible intercarbon layers, which are slightly rimped in the C98Ni structure. It is shown that the obtained C98Ni phase is an inter- ed graphite, the composition of which can be varied.


Nakonechna, O.I., Belyavina, N.N., Dashevskyi, M.M. & Titov, Y.A. (2019). Room-temperature synthesis and characterization of the TiC, ZrC, HfC, VC, NbC and TaC powder monocarbides. Fr.–Ukr. J. Chem., 7, No. 1, pp. 113-120. https://doi.org/10.17721/fujcV7I1P113-120

Nakonechna, O.I., Dashevskyi, M.M., Boshko, O.I., Zavodyannyi, V.V. & Belyavina, N. N. (2019). Effect of the carbon nanotubes on mechanochemical synthesis of d-metal carbide nanopowders and nanocomposites. Progr. Phys. Met., 20, No. 1, pp. 5-51. https://doi.org/10.15407/ufm.20.01.005

Nakonechna, O., Dashevskyi, M. & Belyavina, N. (2018). Synthesis of the WC and Mo2C carbides by mechanical alloying of metal powder and carbon nanotubes. Metallofiz. Noveishie Tekhnol., 40, No. 5, pp. 637-648. https://doi.org/10.15407/mfint.40.05.0637

Boshko, O., Nakonechna, O., Belyavina, N., Dashevskyi, M. & Revo, S. (2017). Nanocrystalline Fe–C composites obtained by mechanical alloying of iron and carbon nanotubes. Adv. Powder Tech., 28, No. 3, pp. 964-972. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apt.2016.12.026

Nakonechna, O.I., Dashevski, M.M., Kurylyuk, A.M. & Bilyavyna, N.M. (2019). Mechanochemical synthesis of Co3C carbide with carbon nanotubes. Phys. Chem. Solid State, 20, No. 1, pp. 13-17. https://doi. org/10.15330/pcss.20.1.13-17

Nakonechna, O.I., Belyavina, N.N., Dashevskyi, M.M., Kuryliuk, A.M. & Makara, V.A. (2019). Mechanochemical synthesis of NiCx carbide with the sphalerite-type defect structure. Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr., No. 4, pp. 50-56 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2019.04.050

Nakonechna, O.I., Belyavina, N.N., Ivanenko, K.O., Kuryliuk, A.M., Ducheiko, M.G. & Makara, V.A. (2020). The features of NiCx (x < 0.33) phase formation at the mechanochemical alloying of Ni—CNT and Ni— graphite mixtures. Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr., No. 3, pp. 47-54 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/ dopovidi2020.03.047

Nakonechna, O.I., Dusheiko, M.G., Belyavina, N.N., Kuryliuk, A.M. & Osipov, A.S. (2020). Testing of elec- tron beam technique for NiC coating deposition. Metallofiz. Noveishie Tekhnol., 42, No. 12, pp. 1659-1665. https://doi.org/10.15407/mfint.42.12.1659

Dresselhaus, M.S. & Dresselhaus, G. (1981). Intercalation compounds of graphite. Adv. Phys., 30, No. 2, pp. 139-326. https://doi.org/10.1080/00018738100101367

Celzard, A., Marêché, J.F. & Furdin, G. (2005). Modelling of exfoliated graphite. Progr. Mater. Sci., 50, No. 1, pp. 93-179. doi:10.1016/j.pmatsci.2004.01.001

Brandt, N.B., Chudinov, S.M. & Ponomarev, Y.G. (Eds.). (2012). Semimetals: 1. Graphite and its compounds. New York: Elsevier.



How to Cite

Nakonechna О., Belyavina Н., Kurylyuk А., & Makara В. (2021). Obtaining and crystal structure of graphite intercaled by nickel. Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, (2), 59–64. https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2021.02.059